World and Nation

With Appointments, Obama Puts Campaign Behind Him

President-elect Barack Obama put the rancor and even some of the rhetoric of the presidential campaign behind him on Monday as he welcomed his chief Democratic adversary into his Cabinet and signaled flexibility in his plans to withdraw troops from Iraq.

Introducing a national security team anchored by Hillary Rodham Clinton as secretary of state, Obama said a new strategic agreement with Baghdad put the United States “on a glide path to reduce our forces in Iraq.” But while he reaffirmed his desire to pull out combat brigades within 16 months, Obama emphasized his willingness to consider options put forth by the military.

“I believe that 16 months is the right timeframe,” Obama said at a news conference, with Clinton and Robert M. Gates, who he is keeping on as defense secretary, as well as other appointees. “But as I have said consistently, I will listen to the recommendations of my commanders. And my No. 1 priority is making sure that our troops remain safe in this transition phase and that the Iraqi people are well served by a government that is taking on increased responsibility for its own security.”

Obama has long qualified his withdrawal pledge, but in the campaign the stress was on his intent to end the war. Now that he is taking office in 50 days, he is calibrating his statements to leave room to maneuver, knowing that some senior military officers are wary of moving too quickly and that the defense secretary he just reappointed has cautioned about timetables.

The impression left by the event at a downtown Chicago hotel ballroom was of a political leader of converting from electioneering to governance. Most striking in that regard was the sight of Obama side by side with Clinton, whose foreign-policy judgment and credentials he questioned just months ago, and Gates, who has for the last two years run the war Obama condemned for a president he denounced.

Obama essentially said Americans should not take too seriously some of the things said during “the heat of a campaign.” Reminded of some of his caustic criticism of Clinton’s foreign policy experience — “grossly exaggerated,” his campaign called it — Obama shrugged off the discordant notes with a smile.

“This is fun for the press to try to stir up whatever quotes were generated during the course of the campaign,” he said. He went on to say that he and Clinton share a broad view of American interests, and he praised her experience.